How To Trade Fibonacci Retracements And Extensions With Examples

You can use Fibonacci numbers as a method for finding support and resistance levels, as well as for risk management. However, traders often use it because of the tendency of asset prices to continue in a particular direction after a 50% retracement. For unknown reasons, these Fibonacci ratios seem to play a role in the stock market, just as they do in nature. Technical traders attempt to use them to determine critical points where an asset’s price momentum is likely to reverse. A Fibonacci retracement is created by taking two extreme points on a stock chart and dividing the vertical distance by the key Fibonacci ratios of 23.6%, 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%, and 100%. The Fibonacci channel is a variation of the Fibonacci retracement tool. With the channel, support and resistance lines run diagonally rather than horizontally.

fibonacci retracement explained

The fibonacci tool’s main use is to map out and predict where and when retracements could end. That’s what it was designed for, and that’s how it’s best used. What a lot of traders don’t know, however, it that not only can the tool map out where retracements may end, but also normal swings. A swing is what’s created when the price rises or falls for a while before moving in the opposite direction. When the retracement started, price fell for a while before finding support at the 23.60% level. As you can see, it’s just 7 horizontal lines – 5 if you count the 0 and 100 levels, which we don’t use in trading. Through the use of some complex calculations, which I won’t bother explaining here, the tool marks 5 horizontal lines on the chart. The Charles Schwab Corporation provides a full range of brokerage, banking and financial advisory services through its operating subsidiaries. Its broker-dealer subsidiary, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. , offers investment services and products, including Schwab brokerage accounts. Its banking subsidiary, Charles Schwab Bank , provides deposit and lending services and products.

Top 10 Chart Patterns Every Trader Should Know

Keep the golden ratio and how it’s calculated in mind, because later in this post I’ll get back to it. The levels are calculated in relation to the vertical distance between high and low — or the 0% and 100% lines. In case you don’t know, the Fibonacci numbers are a sequence described by the 13th-century Italian mathematician Leonardo Pisano Bigollo. Today he’s called Fibonacci because, in the 1800s, some historian called him Leonardo filius Bonacci — or Leonardo, son of Bonacci. Your goal is to be on the winning side often enough to grow your account. Rather than tell you what to do with Fibonacci retracement, I’ll explain it and let you decide. They mainly revolve around improving your entries, your stop loss, and your take profit placements. Here is what happens when the market touches this strong area of Fibonacci confluence. Imagine using the example above, I told you to sell when price reaches the 23%, then the 38%, then the 50%, followed by the 61.8%, then the 78.6% and on and on and on.

In fact, the larger the market, the greater the likelihood participants will adhere to the Fibonacci levels. For smaller markets, Fibonacci retracements aren’t as easy to observe. What’s more, it’s been used by artists, engineers, and designers for centuries to create aesthetically pleasing compositions. From the pyramids to the Mona Lisa and the Twitter logo, many famous works of art and design use the Golden Ratio in some way. As it turns out, this ratio might also have significance in the financial markets as well. This article will go through what the Fibonacci retracement tool is and how you can use it to find important levels on a chart. Investors can take advantage of new growth investing strategies in order to more precisely hone in on stocks or other investments offering above-average growth potential. Options are not suitable for all investors as the special risks inherent to options trading may expose investors to potentially rapid and substantial losses. Options trading subject to TD Ameritrade review and approval. Please read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before investing in options.

Key Takeaways

They were created from a ratio that is driven by the Fibonacci sequence discovered by an Italian mathematician in the early 1400s. Furthermore, a Fibonacci retracement strategy can only point to possible corrections, reversals, and countertrend bounces. This system struggles to confirm any other indicators and doesn’t provide easily identifiable strong or weak signals. In addition to the ratios described above, many traders also like using the 50% level.

Where does Fibonacci retracement go?

Start grid placement by zooming out to the weekly pattern and finding the longest continuous uptrend or downtrend. Place a Fibonacci grid from low to high in an uptrend and high to low in a downtrend.

The best way to illustrate how to use the tool is through real-life examples. So let’s first start with a rally where we’ll be trying to determine possible levels of support during a pullback. A common question among Forex traders is whether Fibonacci retracement levels actually work and whether there is any benefit to using them. I can tell you without a doubt that they do work and they can be beneficial but only if used correctly. What I like to see in the middle of the day setup is a pullback to a key Fibonacci support level. The other scenario is where you set your profit target at the next Fibonacci level up, only to see the stock explode right through this resistance. Fibonacci time zones are based on the length of time a move should take to complete, before a change in trend.

How To Spot Trend Corrections Using Fibonacci Retracement?

Averaged over the entire population of that plant, however, the Fibonacci sequence becomes evident. Short-selling at a Fibonacci retracement level is a common tactic, assuming that strategy has been confirmed by a complementary method. Finding the somewhat spooky phenomenon of Fibonacci numbers fibonacci retracement explained and the Golden Ratio in the market is relatively simple. The most common levels identified in Fibonacci retracement are 23.6 percent, 38.2 percent, 50 percent, 61.8 percent and 100 percent. These represent numbers in the Fibonacci sequence related to one another by division ratios.

  • When it comes to trading, it’s absolutely crucial you have good trade management.
  • Notice on December 3, the price consolidated right along the 50% line.
  • Values greater than 1 are external retracement levels while values less than 0 are extensions.
  • Although not officially a Fibonacci ratio, 50% is also used.
  • It’s an incredible tool that provides a lot of insight even to novice traders, but it’s important to remember that these levels are only points of interest.

In the stock market, the Fibonacci trading strategy traces trends in stocks. When a stock is trending in one direction, some believe that there will be a pullback, or decline in prices. Fibonacci traders contend a pullback will happen at the Fibonacci retracement levels of 23.6%, 38.2%, 61.8%, or 76.4%. As mentioned below, a pullback is also possible to traders at 50%. The Fibonacci extension is a fascinating tool for financial trading to determine the areas of support and resistance. Feel free to use the Fib extension on all timeframes and in any market. It can also be used to predict points of reversal, however, it is not advised in this particular sense.

They can be used to outline support or opposition lines, as well as to position stop-loss orders and set goal prices. Fibonacci ratios may also be used as the core principle in a countertrend trading technique. 76% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

What is the golden ratio of Fibonacci?

The golden ratio is about 1.618, and represented by the Greek letter phi, Φ. The golden ratio is best approximated by the famous «Fibonacci numbers.» Fibonacci numbers are a never-ending sequence starting with 0 and 1, and continuing by adding the previous two numbers.

Cory Mitchell, Chartered Market Technician, is a day trading expert with over 10 years of experience writing on investing, trading, and day trading. From his work, we get the Fibonacci sequence of numbers, and also the well-known Fibonacci golden ratio. The Fibonacci sequence is a series of numbers where the next number is simply the sum of the two preceding numbers. So for example, it would run 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 and so on, with the sequence continuing indefinitely. The first screenshot below shows the Daily timeframe of the current EUR/USD chart. The screenshot in the bottom shows the same Fibonacci retracement but on the lower, 4 hour timeframe. As you can see, throughout the whole time, price reacted fairly accurately to the Fibonacci levels. Not every time you’ll be able to use a Fibonacci retracement to make sense of a price move. If you can’t make the Fibonacci levels snap, don’t try to force it.

How To Use The Fibonacci Retracement Tool

The E-Mini S&P 500 Index graph perfectly illustrates how to use Fibonacci retracement to enhance your trading strategies. It is worth noting that although many traders use Fibonacci levels to consider their next move, they won’t stop there. These can, in some cases, strengthen the argument for using Fibonacci retracements. So, let’s look at how traders may have done well during the above period of relative volatility.

fibonacci retracement explained

Fibonacci Retracements are ratios used to identify potential reversal levels. The most popular Fibonacci Retracements are 61.8% and 38.2%. Note that 38.2% is often rounded to 38% and 61.8 is rounded to 62%. After an advance, chartists apply Fibonacci ratios to define retracement levels and forecast the extent of a correction or pullback. Fibonacci Retracements can also be applied after a decline to forecast the length of a counter-trend bounce. These retracements can be combined with other indicators and price patterns to create an overall strategy. Fibonacci retracements are used to indicate levels of support and resistance for a stock’s price. Therefore, it can be significantly easier to identify and anticipate support and resistance levels from Fibonacci sequences. Unlike moving averages, Fibonacci retracement levels are static prices.


It’s not the easiest tool to understand, at least not at first, but it’s definitely one of the most useful. And one I think all traders should consider adding to their arsenal of price action tools. Luckily for traders, Fibonacci retracements are far more than just a nifty word. In fact, it’s the name of a tool used to predict potential support and resistance levels for price action. Identifying key levels of resistance and support is one of the basic jobs of technical analysis. Finding appropriate points for these levels, however, is difficult and frequently a moving target. The best systems for finding resistance and support levels incorporate several different analytical tools to check and confirm the others tools’ findings.

The key Fibonacci ratios used in the division are 23.6%, 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%, and 100%. The most important thing in the sequence is the mathematical relationships between the numbers, expressed as ratios. Fibonacci has become a powerful tool in Forex and other CFD trading. Early or late in trends, when a price is still gaining or losing steam, it is more typical to see retracements of a higher percentage. Toggles the visibility and opacity for the background fill between the retracement’s levels.


After joining these lines, each of the Retracement line will become a point to watch in your trading. Content intended for educational/informational purposes only. Not investment advice, or a recommendation of any security, strategy, or account type. Unofficially, a lot of traders also use 50% as a Fibonacci ratio. Once on your chart click and hold with your mouse to plot your Fibonacci levels. The chart allows you to customize your Fibonacci levels on the MetaTrader.

For this reason, the indicator is best used alongside other technical analysis tools such as trend lines, volume, moving average convergence divergence and moving averages. Generally speaking, the greater the number of confirming indicators, the stronger the trade signal is likely to be. Incorporating Fibonacci retracement levels with price action has been extremely lucrative for many traders. In simple terms, investors will first focus very closely on the Fibonacci retracement levels.


These successive new highs with minor pullbacks are the sign you are in a strong uptrend. The chart becomes too cluttered for me and I get lost in all the lines. Some advanced traders will take it a step further and add Fibonacci arcs and Fibonacci fans to their trading arsenal in search of an edge. A logical method for entering a trade is when the stock is going through a pullback. These numbers are the root of one of the most important techniques for identifying psychological levels in life and in trading. I want you to ask yourself the question of how you plan on leveraging Fibonacci in your trading regimen? If you haven’t done so already, think about writing a trading plan for you to review before, during and after the market closes.

What this practically means is that nature – and the humans and market that dwell in it – tend to arrange things in a roughly 62/38 pattern. Given two different choices, both equally frivolous, a group of people will decide between the two choices in a 62/38 pattern, instead of the expected 50/50. Leonardo Pisano, popularly known as Fibonacci, was studying the relationships between different number sets in the year 1202 in his homeland of Italy. While writing a mathematical guide aimed at merchants, Fibonacci discovered something downright strange. If you write a list of numbers in which each new number is the sum of the previous two – 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, and so on – those numbers are linked by a certain ratio. These so-called Fibonacci sequence numbers are related by the ratio 1.618, known as phi or the Golden Ratio. Fibonacci extensions, also known as Fibonacci expansions or Fibonacci projections, are external levels because they go beyond the 100% level. 23.6%, 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%, and 78.6% are known as the Fibonacci levels. These are all internal levels as they lie inside the threshold.